Common Dog Skin Problems & Treatment ( how to help your pooch) are usually hard to determine because there are so many different skin problems that occur for various reasons.
Here are some Common Dog Skin Problems:
- Environmental dermatitis: Due to Environmental changes
- Nutritional dermatitis: Due to nutritional Imbalance
Both these conditions lead to dermatitis, i.e., inflammation of the skin. So, in that case, you must concern your veterinarian because that is an emergency condition.
2. Fleas, Mites, Mange, and Other Critters
Fleas are parasites/small insects that feed by sucking blood from your canine companion. During feeding, they inject a minute quantity of saliva into the skin, and many dogs become allergic (usually skin allergies), which leads to intense irritation.
The dog’s response to this severe itching is to lick, chew, or scratch. This causes alopecia (hair loss) and can lead to open scabs or sores on the skin, which may, later on, become infected with harmful bacteria.
The area most usually involved is over the rump (just in front of the tail), although all body areas can be affected. In long-standing cases, the skin can become thickened and dark in color. Large infestations of fleas may lead to anemia, and fleas are also responsible for transmitting tapeworms to your dog.
Special shampoos or sprays are available to kill these fleas, ticks, mites etc. Also, regular grooming and combing may help give you a clue that your pet is infected or not.
3. Canine Atopic Dermatitis
It is a pruritic (itchy) skin disease of cats and dogs. In this disease, an allergic reaction occurs when an animal inhales airborne substances such as house dust or pollen or ingests a substance to which they are sensitive. The allergic reaction causes the animal to lick, bite, rub, or scratch. Unlike man, dogs with atopic dermatitis only occasionally sneeze, cough, or get asthma. Instead, they itch severely.
Signs and Symptoms
The itching may be limited to certain areas or maybe over their entire body. Usually, the armpits, face, ears, feet, and front legs are affected. This contrasts with a flea allergy where the groin, tail, rump, and thighs are typically affected. About half of the dogs with atopic dermatitis will also be allergic to fleas, ticks, and manges.
Atopic dermatitis can be cured with proper care and management. Usually, steroids (cortisone-type drugs) are used for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. They are other beneficial anti-itch and anti-inflammatory medications you can also use with a prescription from your veterinarian.
4. Food & Drug Dog Allergies
The most common food allergens in dogs consist mainly of proteins, especially dairy products, beef, chicken, lamb, soy, chicken eggs, or gluten (from wheat). Each time a dog eats food containing these substances, the antigen-antibody reaction occurs, and your dog’s skin may become itchy or full of rash.
Once the haphazard food substance has been identified, a diet chooses afterward does not contain these particular substances. Today, many tasty, hypoallergenic diets can be fed to your dog for the rest of your pet’s life.
Similarly, expire drugs or drug overdose also lead to skin allergies sometimes.
Use a home-cooked diet in the case of food-allergic dogs is the best solution
5. Dog Allergies (Most common cause)
- Skin Allergies
- Contact Allergies
Dog Skin Allergies & Treatments
When it comes to animal welfare, skin irritation is an unfortunate condition for most dogs’ lives. Like humans, several external stimuli can cause possible skin irritation.
In general, skin problems are related to an allergic reaction that manifests as an irritating and uncomfortable allergic reaction. With the right knowledge of these skin conditions, which are often the result of allergies, they can be appropriately identified and diagnosed. Whether the allergic reaction is caused by food or the environment, skin treatments are often treatable and curable.
The right pet shampoo is a necessary precautionary measure to avoid allergies. This article will identify the signs and symptoms of dog skin allergy to help you determine if your dog is suffering from any allergic condition.
You can read more about dog allergies HERE!
What is an allergy?
Allergies are the immune system’s response to external stimuli. When an external substance enters the body, the immune system interacts with the foreign material and reacts appropriately to keep the body healthy. Allergies are usually the result of an overreaction by the immune system, which manifests itself in some form of physical irritation.
Although allergies are sudden, they result from prolonged exposure to a particular stimulus, also called an allergen. Prolonged exposure to a specific allergen can cause stress the immune system, and it can begin to flag the allergen as a threat. The immune system then triggers a reaction in the form of an allergic reaction, as it tries to eliminate the allergen from the body of the affected dog.
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Can dogs can develop allergies over time?
As explained in the description of what an allergy is, it is relatively common for a dog to become allergic to something as it gets older. As the same stimulus frequently bombards your dog’s immune system, it begins to produce antibodies to protect itself from a long-term illness. These antibodies build up over time and develop allergies as your dog ages.
Generally, allergies to external stimuli will begin to appear after your dog reaches puberty, but they may start to appear in your dog by the age of six months. In some rare cases, allergies can take a long time to develop, and it is not unusual for dogs to develop allergies late into adulthood.
What are dogs allergic to?
Most dogs are allergic to environmental stimuli. Common allergens are given below:
- Mold Spores
- Dust Mites
- Bug Bites
Symptoms of dogs’ skin allergies?
Medically skin allergy is called allergic dermatitis, which refers to the inflammation or irritation of the upper skin layer called “dermis.” Symptoms will differ in different allergies. It depends upon on the severity and type of the allergens, but for most skin allergies can be described as:
- Excessive chewing
- Hair Loss
- Licking frequently, especially in the paws and feet
- Swollen face and paws
- Red, inflamed skin
- Biting, gnawing at the skin
- Visible rashes
- Hives and other bumps
- Itchy ears, excessive shaking his head back and forth
How external stimulus/allergen get into your dog’s immune system?
Allergen can be introduced to the body of the dog by many routes. It can be introduced through eating, breathing, and direct skin contact. There are four main categories in which all of the different allergens are introduced to your pet.
Can skin allergies be inherited from parental dogs?
Unfortunately for dogs, allergies can be transferred via the genetic material from parents to offspring. Hereditary allergies are more common in purebred dogs than in mixed breeds, but all dogs may be at risk of inherited allergies from their parents.
Genetic traits such as allergies are often passed on to purebreds because there are not many genetic mutations from one generation to the next to eliminate the allergic risk. Hereditary allergies belong to the category of respiratory, and they are usually seasonal.
Is heat rash an allergy?
Heat rash is a type of allergic reaction. Although it is not classified as one of the above, heat is an external stimulus that triggers your dog’s immune response. As a result, heatstroke can be classified as a type of allergic dermatitis.
In general, a dog suffering from heatstroke will exhibit similar symptoms such as other skin allergies, including irritated skin, excessive itching, and may be treated similarly as other skin allergies treated with medication and excessive bathing and grooming with care.
How to treat heat rash?
Unlike other skin allergies, frequent grooming can make all the difference in treating heat rash in your dogs. Especially if you are a proud owner of a long-haired dog in a hot and humid environment, it is essential to groom your dog’s skin and fur to keep your dog comfortable and free from allergies. Make your dog look beautiful with short hair.
There are many stylish ways, so stay ahead of the heat rash and be sure to remove any excess fur that could potentially cause skin rash from the heat.
New environments bring new allergic potential
If you have recently moved to a new area, whether across the country or in a neighboring state, there are likely to be many new allergens to deal with. Each microclimate you encounter with your dog offers a unique potential host of allergens that your dog must adapt to.
Maybe it’s a new pollen strain that doesn’t belong in your last home or a new strain of grass that your dog isn’t used to. You may have moved somewhere that is five degrees hotter on average, and you need tips to take care of your dog in warm weather.
Although five degrees may not make a big difference to you, an increase in temperature can be a tipping point, which can cause your dog to become allergic to too much heat.
Note: New environments contain new allergens that your dog may become sensitive to, and you must monitor your dog if and when you change its environment
Treatment of common dog skin allergies:
Your doctor may recommend a variety of treatments to help manage your pet’s skin allergies and treat dog skin infections, all of which can make them feel much better. These include special food supplements, pet shampoos, medical treatments, and therapies (such as PURINA® veterinary diets). They can be used alone or in different combinations.
Diet can play an essential role in resolving many skin conditions in dogs. In particular, a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce the itching and swelling associated with allergic dermatitis.
Skin allergies in dogs can certainly be disturbing and annoying for your pet. They may take a long time to resolve and, in severe cases, require long-term management. However, most of the conditions can be fixed and managed, which will make your dog, and you live a happier life.
Your dog has different needs during the summer and winter, especially when it comes to his skin. You’ll want to read more about your canine mate’s annual care to make sure he is always comfortable
How I find out what kind of common skin allergy my dog has?
Although you may be tempted to make a quick decision about treating your dog’s skin allergy, you must seek professional vet advice from your dog’s veterinarian.
According to a doctor, get information and practical knowledge of your dog’s symptoms, and along with personal medical history, will enable you to accurately determine what your dog’s skin allergy is and provide a professional diagnosis.
Your dog may show symptoms of an allergy or sensitive skin condition that are not serious or require long-term treatment. Your job as a good dog owner is to identify when your dog shows signs of irritation and unusual behavior and use this information as a springboard to seek help for your dog when in need.
The dog skin allergy signs and symptoms listed above are a great guide to help you identify what your dog is struggling with but always consult a qualified medical professional first.